In this Sustainability Report, we provide an overview of how we have integrated sustainability within our corporate strategy and operations; the material sustainability issues that impact our business and stakeholders; and a summary of key initiatives and sustainability performance during 2022.

This report contains data for the full year 2022 (January 1 – December 31). Where available, we have compared 2022 performance with 2021 and 2020 data.

As we progress on our reporting journey and our controls around ESG data mature, we have expanded the scope of our reporting for some metrics which were limited to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2021 to cover our operational control reporting boundary for 2022.


Investing in growth

"We are continuing to support a global orderly energy transition towards a lower carbon emissions future, as we seek to develop blue hydrogen, advanced fuel combustion systems and lower carbon synthetic fuels."

His Excellency Yasir O. Al-Rumayyan, Chairman of the Board of Directors

Innovating for sustainability

"Aramco has strengthened its unique and central role in providing the world the reliable energy it requires for an energy transition.”

Amin H. Nasser, President & CEO

Our Sustainability framework and overview of our 2022 performance

Aramco’s sustainability framework sets out the four focus areas that hold the greatest potential for our business to make long-term, positive impact. Each of these focus areas support Aramco’s corporate strategy, and align with both the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030.

Climate change and energy transition

In line with our ambition to achieve net zero Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions across wholly-owned operated assets by 2050, we strive to provide reliable energy while maintaining leadership as one of the lowest carbon intensity producers of hydrocarbon products.

Scope 1 emissions in MMtCO2e (2021: 52.3)
Scope 2 emissions in MMtCO2e (2021: 15.5)
Upstream carbon intensity in kg CO2e/boe (2021: 10.7)
Upstream methane intensity (2021: 0.05%)
Flaring intensity in scf/boe (2021: 5.51)
Energy intensity in thousand Btu/boe (2021: 116.6)

Safe operations and people development

We are committed to providing a safe and respectful working environment for all, on-site and within the community, supported by appropriate safety procedures, policies and resources. We strive to support, diversify and empower our workforce.

Fatalities (2021: 1)
Tier 1 process and safety events (2021: 11)
Lost time injuries/illnesses rate based on LTI cases x 200,000/total work hours (2021: 0.017)
Female employees (2021: 5.6%)
Female employees (%) in leadership positions (2021: 3.1%)
Total hours of training and development in millions (2021: 12.8)

Minimizing environmental impact

Minimizing environmental impact: we strive to conserve natural resources, apply circular models across our value chain, and to have a legacy of projects that improve both natural habitats and shared resources.

Freshwater consumption in million cubic meters (2021: 94.6)
Hydrocarbon spills (2021: 13)
Hydrocarbon discharge to water (2021: 30.7)
Net positive impact on biodiversity (2021: NA)
Industrial waste generated in metric tonnes (2021: 240,225)
Industrial waste recycled (39.8%)

Growing societal value

Growing societal value: we seek to grow value wherever we operate. With our biggest footprint in Saudi Arabia, we have invested in the Kingdom’s oil and gas ecosystem to enhance the reliability of our supply chain, providing employment and economic opportunities to thousands of Saudi nationals.

iktva spend in-Kingdom (2021: 59%)
Social investment in millions (2021: NA)
Total R&D spend in billions (2021: $1.0)
Saudi nationals employed (2021: 90.5%)
Saudization of construction contracts (2021: 25.6%)
Saudization of service contracts (2021: 56.6%)

Sustainability governance

Overall accountability for sustainability within Aramco lies with the chief executive officer, the Management Committee and the Strategy Council. They are supported by the Health, Safety, Security and Environment Committee (HSSE) and the Sustainability Steering Committee (SSC).

The SSC, led by the executive vice president of Strategy and Corporate Development, reports to both the Strategy Council and Management Committee. The committee is comprised of senior vice presidents representing key Business Lines and Administrative Areas in the Company. The role of the SSC is to identify issues linked to sustainability and enable Aramco to categorize any potential impact on long-term value creation for stakeholders and the business. The SSC has specific accountability for the review of the Company’s climate strategy, decarbonization plans, and corporate risk assessments. The outcome of these reviews are then presented and endorsed by the Management Committee prior to the final review by the Board.


Our basis of preparation and independent assurance statements

    2022 2021 2020 2019
Basis of preparation
Date Title Type Download
January 01, 0001 2019 Basis of preparation
Independent assurance statements
Date Title Type Download
January 01, 0001 2019 Independent assurance statement of GHG emissions

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Key reports

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