Nonmetallic Solutions

Technology development

At Aramco, we are a catalyst for developing technology solutions to address some of the world’s most pressing energy and materials challenges. Innovating nonmetallic materials is one such area in which we are making significant contributions.

Why are nonmetallic materials important?

Corrosion is a major issue in industries around the world. The global cost alone is estimated to be US $2.5 trillion, equivalent to 3.4% of global GDP, impacting businesses, governments, and society. Nonmetallic solutions – such as the development of advanced plastics – can therefore play a role in helping to address this. 

The objectives of the nonmetallic program aim to:

corrosion to enhance safety, integrity, and reliability of our operations
Revenue from new nonmetallic materials manufacturing investments to support job creation 
life-cycle costs by reducing the cost of corrosion, maintenance, or replacement
the value of our resources by converting oil into high-value products
the carbon footprint considering the entire life cycle
Inside room at Pipelines Management Center – computer screen
Pipelines Management Center, whose mission is to transport Aramco’s hydrocarbons with the highest standards of safety, reliability, efficiency, and environmental responsibility.

Thanks to the elimination of metallic corrosion, their lightweight properties, durability, and cost efficiency, nonmetallic materials could play a major role in the oil and gas industry. Having experienced the benefits in corrosion mitigation, faster installations and life cycle cost savings, the use of nonmetallic products grew exponentially within the company reaching more than 10,000 km of pipes in the past 5 years alone, and in diverse applications across our conventional and unconventional assets such as high-pressure oil, gas and water.

Building on our success in the oil and gas industry, we expanded our nonmetallic business strategy to cover four additional sectors: Building & Construction, Automotive, Packaging and Renewables. 

Nonmetallic growth opportunities across five key industries

Oil and Gas

Our Nonmetallic Oil & Gas strategy focuses on onshore, offshore, downhole, in-plant and rehabilitation applications.  Within these focus areas, we have deployed a variety of different products such as Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe (RTP), Reinforced Thermosetting Resin (RTR), lining, downhole lined tubulars, nonmetallic completion tools, tanks, valves, cooling towers and pumps. Our deployment in Oil & Gas has exceeded 10,000 KM and nonmetallic downhole products have been used in more than 750 wells. 

Building and construction

The building and construction sector has huge growth opportunities for nonmetallic materials. Our focus is on maximizing the deployment of polymers in concrete, cladding, flooring and building accessories. To date, we have deployed more than 90 kt of polymers covering more than 75 applications, one of which is the deployment of 26 million linear meters of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Rebars. These rebars consist of polymeric material reinforced by glass fibers as an alternative to conventional steel rebar. 

Automotive sector

The automotive industry is already a large consumer of nonmetallic products. For example, carbon fiber reinforced plastics are lighter than steel, which could mean less fuel consumption, better vehicle performance, and lower emissions. We are promoting carbon fiber and polymer-based technologies, and we are exploring how to reduce the manufacturing costs of carbon fiber for mass production.

Packaging sector

There are opportunities for nonmetallic solutions related to polymer degradability and recyclability associated with the packaging industry, such as plastic pallets and containers. As an initial step, we are planning to replace our future demand of wood pallets with plastic pallets. To date, we have deployed more than 10,000 pallets and 40,000 drums & pails in our operations. 


In the renewables sector, we aim to replace glass in Solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels with polymeric materials, which have many advantages compared to conventional materials due to being lighter in weight, faster to install and having a higher impact resistance while offering equivalent or higher performance. We are targeting 3 polymeric materials with significant potential: ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE), polypropylene (PP) and polycarbonate (PC).  

Key milestones on Aramco’s nonmetallic materials journey

Khurais Oil Field

Our own application of nonmetallics is not new; we have been using nonmetallic pipes in our facilities for over two decades, and it is also standard for most utility applications in our plants. But it was our mass deployment of reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP), at our Khurais megaproject in 2015, that brought our use of the material to a new level.

RTP ensures there is no need for welding, and because the pipes can be spooled, laying them is easier than traditional options. For example, the Khurais RTP flowline tie-in and construction timeframe was reduced to less than two days, compared to the typical 70 days for laying carbon steel. RTP is a potential game-changer in the oil and gas industry, being longer-lasting, more cost-efficient, faster to install, and lighter in weight; all this has made for a less energy intensive installation process.

Layers of Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe – RTP – nonmetallic solutions
Reinforced thermoplastic pipe (RTP) refers to the high strength and durable synthetic piping that is corrosion resistant, light weight, and immune to temperature and pressure problems. It is typically made from high-density polyethylene and polyethylene raised temperature resins, and consists of three layers: the inner layer contains the process stream; the intermediate layer reinforces the pipe; and the outer sheath protects the pipe from impact and weathering. We deployed over 400 km of RTP at Khurais Oil Field.
View of the Non-metallic Innovation Centre – Cambridge, England
The Non-metallic Innovation Centre brings together academic institutions, research organizations, and industry leaders to develop nonmetallic solutions for the petroleum industry and beyond. Image supplied by TWI.

Global opportunities

Capitalizing on the growth opportunities in the oil and gas sector, we have developed global partnerships to accelerate innovation in nonmetallics. The Non-metallic Innovation Centre (NIC) in England, Cambridge, in collaboration with The Welding Institute and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, was established to bring together partners from academia, oil and gas companies, composite material manufacturers, and other research entities to fast-track product development, testing, and commercialization.  

In building and construction, we established the Center of Excellence for Nonmetallic Building Materials (NEx) with the American Concrete Institute (ACI) in Michigan, USA, to promote the use of nonmetallic materials and products in the sector. This initiative is intended to support the Company’s broader strategy to enter new markets and expand the use of nonmetallic products at a global stage.

We also launched a new center of excellence for nonmetallics, NEXCEL, in China with the China Building Materials Academy (CBMA) to jointly advance the use of nonmetallics in building and construction. The center will serve as a central platform to expand and accelerate nonmetallic technology deployment in the building and construction sector.

Strategic Collaborations

A pioneer in the application of nonmetallics within the Kingdom, we are also working globally through collaborations with local and international suppliers and research institutes to accelerate the development and deployment of nonmetallics. We are promoting the transformation of the nonmetallic ecosystem in the kingdom, GCC and globally through strong and targeted collaborations. We are collaborating with more than 38 global manufacturers and research institutes to develop new products across the five sectors. Currently, there are more than 40 research projects pushing the boundaries through academic institutions, research, technology organizations, manufacturers, and industry leaders. These efforts resulted in the development of more than 75 lab and industrial scale prototypes with more than 50 filed and granted patents. 

On the localization front, we aim to create positive economic impact and drive growth through establishing in-kingdom nonmetallic industries.  Across the five sectors, there are 127 localization investments at various development stages, and 26 investments have been realized across the sectors through our In-Kingdom Total Value Ad (iktva) program. We are also establishing a nonmetallic hub at SPARK with an aim for it to become a world-class nonmetallic manufacturing hub for many nonmetallic products and services.

Scientist at Aramco’s Research & Development Center – nonmetallic solutions
Our scientists at our Research & Development Center collaborate with international institutions to accelerate the development and deployment of nonmetallic solutions.


Nonmetallic materials and the future

We believe the growth, development, and application of nonmetallic materials has the potential to be transformational – not only within our own industry. From applications in automotive and renewable industries, to city planning and urban development, the increasing demand for more cost effective, durable, sustainable, and longer-lasting materials will be significant.

Having identified this opportunity to diversify our downstream activities and expand into nonmetallics, we are now positioning ourselves to take advantage of the opportunities in this sector, influencing research and development, innovating new technologies and products, and collaborating with leading international research institutions.